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WWII German AFV Colours

1. Vehicles commissioned in 1939 were painted in the following manner. The base colour dominated the camo pattern by 66%, with soft contours between colours.

Anthrazitgrau/Signalbraun, 1935-1939

RAL Designation

Note

Vallejo M/C.

Other Equiv.

7016 Anthrazitgrau

Factory Base Coat

#055 M/A

Humbrol 79

8002 Signalbraun

Disruptive Pattern

#818

Tamiya X-9


2. Schwartzgrau thus replaced the earlier two-colour pattern in 1940, in order to save paint. AFV's in Op. Barbarossa (Kursk) in 1943 are documented in Schwartzgrau with Dunkelgelb patches, typically in the recommended domination of schwarzgrau's percentile of 66%. I.e.~ 2-1

Panzergrau / Schwartzgrau

RAL Designation

Note

Vallejo M/C.

Humbrol.

7021 Schwartzgrau

Factory Base Coat

862

182


3. Schwartzgrau vehicles deployed to the African front were repainted in a new base colour with disruptive patches. The base colour dominated the camo pattern by 66%, with soft contours between the colours.

Afrikakorps Camouflage 1941

RAL Designation

Note

Vallejo M/C.

Humbrol.

8000 Grünbraun

Base Colour

879

118+93

7008 Grüngrau

Disruptive Pattern

880

26


4. A new pattern for Africa was introduced in March of 1942. Available paint and camouflage paste of the earlier pattern was to be used up, resulting in a mixture of patterns in the interim period. Note: This African theatre camouflage was also used in Crete / Greece and possibly in the Balkan region.

Afrikakorps Camouflage, from 25.03.1942

RAL Designation

Note

Vallejo M/C.

Humbrol.

8020 Gelbbraun

Base Colour

# 882

63+93

7027 Sandgrau

Disruptive Pattern

# 997

187


5. As of February 1943, vehicles were supplied in the Dunkelgelb factory base coat, only to be painted with camouflage patterns according to regional and seasonal requirements. As a result, a great variety of two and three colour patterns were in existence, even serving alongside each other in the same unit. Operational vehicles painted Schwartzgrau were not to be repainted in the new base colour. Instead, camouflage paste was to be used to create two- and three-colour patterns.
 

Dunkelgelb and Camouflage, 1943

RAL Designation

Note

Vallejo M/C.

Humbrol.

7028 Dunkelgelb

Factory Base Coat

978

93

6003 Olivgrün

Disruptive Pattern

890 / (011 M/A)

117

8017 Schokoladenbraun

Disruptive Pattern

872 / (041 M/A)

177


6. As from August 1944 the ambush pattern was designed to hide vehicles under foliage, certainly a consideration in light of allied air superiority following the D-Day Normandy landings. This pattern was factory applied, using standard designs.

Ambush Camouflage, from 19.08.1944

RAL Designation

Note

Vallejo M/C.

Humbrol.

7028 Dunkelgelb

Factory Base Coat

978

93

6003 Olivgrün

Disruptive Pattern

890

117

8017 Schokoladenbraun

Disruptive Pattern

872

177


7. A simplified process of applying the three colour disruptive pattern, using the dark red primer as the base colour and adding disruptive patterns of Olivgrün and Dunkelgelb at the factory. Schwartzgrau may have been used as an alternative to Dunkelgelb on occasion.

Red Primer and Camouflage, from 31.10.1944

RAL Designation

Note

Vallejo M/C.

Humbrol.

8012 Dark Red Primer

Factory Base Coat

# 982

?

7028 Dunkelgelb

Disruptive Pattern

 978

93

 6003 Olivgrün

Disruptive Pattern

890

117

7021 Schwartzgrau

Disruptive Pattern

862

182

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