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172
Hasegawa Sherman in Operation Ripper

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history
The iconic American tank of World War II, the M4 Sherman was a successful but not particularly innovative or powerful design. Best known for its mechanical reliability and ease of operation, it was a solid, incremental improvement over the M3 Lee/Grant series tanks it replaced. Designed in 1940, the Sherman still compared favorably with most of its German rivals when first deployed in 1942, but the tank was to become badly outclassed as more advanced types entered the battlefield. Nicknamed “Ronsons” (after the cigarette lighter) for their tendency to burn after a single hit, the medium Shermans were distinctly inferior to the heavier German Panthers and Tigers they faced in Europe after 1944. Nevertheless, Allied forces built around the Sherman eventually overwhelmed the panzers with a combination of carefully planned tactics, air support, and most of all by sheer numbers; while total Panther/Tiger production amounted to about 2,100 units, the Sherman reached a total production of over 50,000 vehicles. Obsolescent by the beginning of the Korean War in 1950, later models of the tank saw service with the U.S. Army in that conflict as well.

The tank depicted here is one of the well-known "tiger face” painted machines of the 89th Tank Battalion, U.S. 2nd Infantry Division, Korea, during Operation Ripper in 1951. Ripper was a massive United Nations offensive launched on March 6, 1951 intended to destroy the Communist Chinese and North Korean armies around Seoul, Hongchon, and Chunchon. It followed up on Operation Killer, which had pushed Communist forces north of the Han River, and sought to bring UN troops up to the 38th parallel. The offensive opened with the largest artillery bombardment of the Korean War. U.S. forces crossed the Han and, along with South Korean units, advanced quickly to liberate Seoul just over a week later, with Hongchon and Chunchon falling soon thereafter. Although again outclassed, this time by Communist T-34 (85mm) tanks, the 76mm gun armed Shermans performed well. By the time Operation Ripper concluded on April 4 UN forces had succeeded in taking all of their main geographic objectives, although most of the Chinese and Korean forces had escaped to fight another day.

the kit
Hasegawa's 1/72nd scale Sherman (kit number 31115) was one of their earlier releases, dating back at least to the early 1970s (when I built my first one). It is an inexpensive, easy to assemble kit with good detail and sharp moldings, although its single piece rubber band style tracks and mediocre crew figures are definite weaknesses. The model represents a M4A3E8 (“Easy Eight”) Sherman with the Ford GAA V-8 gasoline engine, welded hull, with widetrack Horizontal Volute Spring Suspension (HVSS) and fitted with the 76mm M1 gun in an early T23 turret. Until Trumpeter's M4A3E8 release in 2007, it was the only Sherman of this variant available in 1/72 scale.

The problem is, it’s not really 1/72 scale. To start with, the turret is a little big, scaling out to 1/71. The hull is about a millimeter too wide, also scaling to about 1/71. This doesn’t sound like much, but the Hasegawa designers, apparently noticing the discrepancy, narrowed the horizontal upper side fenders to try to compensate for the too wide hull, so while the overall width is approximately correct, the hull is still too wide and the fenders are noticeably too slender. The overall length of the hull is off as well, being about 1/68 scale. The running gear comes in at approximately 1/70, making the model stand about a scale foot too high. These scale issues, because they also involve proportion problems, are basically unfixable... but if you can live with the inaccuracies, the completed model does look like a Sherman!

CONSTRUCTION
Construction of Hasegawa’s little M4 is conventional, starting with the lower hull and bogey wheel assemblies followed by the upper hull and turret. Despite the scale issues, everything fits together nicely. Parts are sharply cast and well-appointed with mostly accurate details. The .50 cal machine gun for the turret is quite nice (although I ended up not using it), and the delicately cast vent screen on the engine deck is a thing of beauty. There are simplifications such as the exhaust pipes, pioneer tools, and lifting points molded directly to the hull and turret parts, but the overall effect is good.

I decided to make some improvements, but first the old stuff had to be cleared away. The exhaust pipes were left unchanged due to their inconspicuous location, but those molded tools on the hull just had to go. I also scraped away the solid-molded lifting points on the hull as well as the inaccurate little nubs for mounting the headlights. The tow mounts on the final drive housing (kit part No. 16) were cut away too. On the turret, I removed the solid-molded lifting rings as well as the oversized mounting points for the .50 cal machine gun and the spotlight.

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About the Author

About Tim Reynaga (TimReynaga)
FROM: CALIFORNIA, UNITED STATES

I am married with three daughters and a son, and I work as a regional workforce policy advisor for the State of California. My wife is an elementary school teacher. I’ve been building models since I was five years old (my first model was a lunar module bought for a dime from a magazine ad). I’m m...


Comments

That is just TOO COOL!!! I love it. Well done!
SEP 22, 2012 - 08:55 PM
Very nice, Tim! Why did you remove the .50 cal M2 MG? It looked pretty good in the b&w images.
SEP 22, 2012 - 11:46 PM
Amazing detail and such clean lines for something so small! Plus your backgrounds on the first page are just awesome.
SEP 23, 2012 - 04:27 AM
Very nice work Tim. I'm impressed with all the detailed work and corrections performed on this smaller scale which brings it up to par with most larger kits. Thanks SO MUCH for showing us how it's done! ~ Jeff
SEP 23, 2012 - 07:58 AM
Thanks, guys, I appreciate all your kind comments. In answer to your question, Jeff, I originally built the tank with the .50 cal MG on the turret, but when I went back to open up the hatches and add the crew I found that the big MG interfered with the gunner figure. Couldn't figure out a way to position it or him so it didn't block his face, so I took it off. It was a bit vexing to remove it since I had put a good deal of work into the thing (drilling vent holes in the sleeve, hollowing out the muzzle, wire and plastic details, etc.), but it didn't go to waste; sometime later I reused it on a Vietnam-era M48A3 Patton build.
SEP 23, 2012 - 08:56 AM
0 Doh! Hi Roy, Thanks for the heads-up. It is annoying that I got those details wrong, but I do appreciate your advice. (I had wondered why there were TWO headlights on the left side...!) Guess next time I'll do my research a little more carefully. By the way, it was kind of you to point these oversights out to me in a personal message, but I wouldn't mind at all if you reposted this on the forum. No sense anyone else repeating my dumb mistakes! regards, Tim --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
JAN 09, 2013 - 10:44 AM
(forgot to post ericadeane message to which I responded)!: Great paint job there Tim. Fun to look over pics of your completed model. May I make two suggestions? 1) the spotlight atop the turret has its lens too far forward. The cylinder to which you attached the (MV?) lens is actually a shroud. The glass, on the real thing, would have been about 4 inches inset from the end of the shroud. The cylinder was to focus the spotlight beam. 2) the item on the glacis below and to the left of the left headlight was a siren and not something that would require another MV lens. Hope these help.
JAN 09, 2013 - 10:46 AM
Tim, You certainly proved that!
AUG 19, 2013 - 07:40 PM
Just found this over your profile....absolutely stunning Sir!!!! Congrats on a tiny beauty!! Cheers Romain
JUN 19, 2014 - 02:49 AM
oh wow, very nice! That paint job is really cool, especially in this scale
JUN 19, 2014 - 03:19 AM
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